How to Fit Ceiling Spotlights
Ceiling spotlights are one of the most aesthetically pleasing and contemporary-looking light sources you can choose for a home.
Their sleek and modern design, along with the extremely functional features they provide, makes them a great choice for living rooms, kitchens and bathrooms.
Whether you have ceiling spotlights that need replacing or you’re looking to install them for the very first time, you may be wondering how to fit ceiling spotlights.
If this is the case, we’re here to help.
In this blog, we’ll outline everything you need to know about ceiling spotlights, including how to fit them.
How to fit ceiling spotlights
The method of fitting spotlights or downlights will first depend on what type you’re using. The two main types are mains voltage recessed spotlights and low voltage recessed spotlights.
The type you’re using will then inform the method you need to use to install them. We’ll cover both methods in this section, but first, there are some universal things you’ll need to do to prepare for your ceiling spotlights.
Check your ceiling
Before you start, it’s important to check that there are no obstacles in the ceiling such as joists. If there are, you’ll need to place your spotlights elsewhere.
You can check if there are joists in the ceiling simply by rapping your knuckles on it. If you hear a solid sound, it suggests there is probably a joist or beam in the way.
However, if you want to be absolutely certain you can use an electronic stud finder.
Mark the holes
Use a pair of compasses and a pencil to draw circles on the ceiling where you want the ceiling spotlights to go. Measure the lights before marking the circles to ensure your lights will fit.
Then, in the centre of the circles, drill a small through hole.
Cut the holes
Using a hole saw, cut around the pencil marking to make the holes. Make sure to use goggles to protect your eyes, and once the hole is cut you should notice that the lights will easily slot into place with clips that grip onto the plasterboard.
Fitting mains voltage recessed spotlights
These ceiling spotlights or downlights are a popular choice in many homes thanks to the stunning designs and exceptional practicality they offer.
Remove insulation materials
Ceiling spotlights of this type can get very hot when switched on, so it’s important to ensure there is no fire risk once they’ve been installed.
To mitigate this risk, pull away any insulating material that may be in your ceiling and which could catch fire. Sometimes, fire regulations may specify that spotlights are enclosed in fire-proof compartments so be sure to check this if you’re installing them in a multi-occupancy property.
Disconnect cables from the existing system
Make sure all power is switched off before installing the new lighting system.
Next, disconnect the cables from the old lights. If it is a loop-in system, it’s worth labelling the cables so you know which are circuit cables and which are for the switch drop. Normally, there will be a brown sleeve on the blue core of the switch drop cable.
Then, push the cables back through the ceiling.
Connect new cables
If you used a single cable on the old system, connect it to the new cable for the lighting by using a three-terminal junction box. If there are two or three cables, go for a four-terminal box.
Connect the supply cable to the lights
Strip the outer sheathing of the supply cable and expose the ends of the cores. Then, you can connect them to the new lighting system.
Ensure the spring clips have been connected correctly and pop the light into the hole. Check the clips are firmly in place on the plasterboard.
Fill the hole if necessary
If there is a gap between the hole and your ceiling spotlights, fill it in with some filler in order to ensure it has a neat appearance.
Fitting low voltage recessed spotlights
Low voltage, LED lighting spotlights are normally smaller and often more efficient than other lighting options. They’re also easier to install and have a lower risk of electrocution.
Connect lights to a power source
Begin by linking the 12-volt transformer for the lights to a spur that has been taken from a nearby power circuit. Usually, this will be a 5-amp fused connection unit.
Alternatively, you can power the lights by using a transformer from a lighting circuit. Simply install a four-terminal junction box, ensuring it’s placed in an appropriate place and has cables running to a new switch, transformer and onto the lights.
Match the transformer output
It’s also important to match the transformer’s wattage output to the combined wattage of the lighting it will supply.
To do this, use a 1.5mm2 core-to-earth cable. It’s unlikely you’ll need to earth the cables but be sure to check the manufacturer’s instructions.
Remember, you should never attempt any kind of lighting installation or electric wiring unless you’re a trained electrician or professional.